One of the most common types of food allergies is to wheat. A wheat allergy is an abnormal immune response to one or more wheat proteins, most commonly albumin, globulin, gliadin, and glutenin (also known as gluten). When a wheat allergy is present, it is because the body has developed an antibody to attack wheat protein when it is present in the body. This most commonly happens when wheat is eaten, although a topical (or skin allergy) is also possible.
A wheat allergy may cause symptoms including:
Muscle or abdominal cramping
In cases of severe wheat allergies, an extreme, possibly life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis is possible.
Anyone can develop a wheat allergy, and it should be noted that an allergy to the wheat protein gluten, the most common type of wheat allergy, is not the same as having the hereditary autoimmune condition known as celiac disease.
Your doctor will be able to help your determine which types of wheat protein you are allergic to in order to help you better manage your symptoms and avoid exposure.