Dyslexia: A Complicated Learning Disability
It is believed that nearly 5 to 17% of the worldwide population suffers from dyslexia, a learning disability that makes it extremely difficult to read or comprehend written language. Dyslexia is not an intellectual disability and does not affect a person's IQ, since reading ability and cognition are developed separately, but it is considered a learning disability.
There are several classifications of dyslexia learning disability, depending of the signs of dyslexia the sufferer is experiencing. Some of these classifications include:
- Auditory - The person has trouble connecting the sounds that a word's letters make to the actual symbol on the page
- Visual - The person has trouble recognizing letter placement and orientation.
- Attentional - The person has trouble attending to individual letters in a written word, even though the complete word may be recognized.
While dyslexia is a learning disability that is developed at a young age, some people are able to cope and hide their reading challenges well into adulthood. There is no cure for dyslexia, though if diagnosed young enough, dyslexia support such as reading therapy and development exercises can help children overcome their disability and reach their full educational potential.