Diagnosing dyslexia can be extremely difficult. There are a variety of types of dyslexia and symptoms that may make up an individual's particular form of dyslexia, and each of these symptoms can be different depending on the age of the patient.
In order to receive a proper diagnosis, the patient will undergo a variety of dyslexia tests to evealuate the signs of dyslexia and determine the type and severity of the condition. Dyslexia is not a disease that affects the intelligence level of the patient, so most tests used for diagnosing dyslexia learning disability are meant to measure the patient's current reading and comprehension level compared to what their potential is rather than their intellect.
All aspects of the patient's reading ability are evaluated, and it is then determined whether the child learns better through hearing (auditory), seeing (visual) or doing/touching things (kinesthetic).
Dyslexia isn't a condition that just children suffer from, though it is commonly considered to be a childhood disease. In fact, because many kids may be embarrassed by their disability, they find ways to hide it to prevent their doctor from diagnosing dyslexia. However, once they reach higher education or the work force, it becomes more difficult to live with the condition, and obtaining proper treatment can become a necessity.
While there is no real cure for dyslexia, reading and cognitive therapies have shown to greatly improve these necessary skills and allow the sufferer to overcome dyslexia and reach their potential and individual capacity.